Texas was home to several hundred groups of American Indians, described variously as alliances, bands, clans, confederations, families and tribes. Anadarko, Apache, Arapaho, Caddo, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chickasaw, Comanche, Kawakawa, Kiowa and Shawnee peoples all lived in what is now Texas. Prior to the admission of Texas as a state, most of the populations of Native Americans were either eradicated or removed. Because of this, and despite the state’s enormous size, only three reservations exist in Texas today. The Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation is just east of Houston, and the two other tribes – the Tiguas and the Kickapoo – both live in the valley of the Rio Grande. Indian reservations casinos near me.
Opportunities to Experience Native American Culture
Although sightseers are not welcomed in residential neighborhoods, many annual powwows and festivals celebrate American Indian culture all over Texas. Such functions typically feature Indian food, authentic music and dances and archery competitions; some offer tours of historic Native American locations. The Duwali Hoop is held on the last weekend in September at Chandler, the site of the Battle of the Neches. The Texas Red Nations Powwow in Dallas, held in November, welcomes more than 5,000 attendees every year. The Texas Kiowa Tia-Pia powwow is held in Crowley, south of Fort Worth, in early May. The Coastal Bend Council of Native Americans holds an annual powwow in Corpus Christi in the early fall.
This 4,593-acre reservation is the oldest. Located 17 miles east of Livingston on U.S. Highway 190 in Polk County, the Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation comprises recreational campgrounds that accommodate more than 200,000 visitors annually. The reservation smoke shop, souvenir shop and a truck stop are also open to non-residents. Beyond these facilities, no tours of the reservation are offered and the practice of “self-guided touring” is considered disrespectful. The Alabama-Coushatta stage an annual powwow the first weekend in June: this is held on their reservation between Livingston and Woodville, and non-Natives are welcome.
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The Tigua people live on a 26-acre reservation in El Paso County. The reservation is home to a 900-seat high-stakes bingo parlor, and visiting the gaming facility is the only way for non-Tigua to visit the reservation. The Tigua honor their patron saint, St. Anthony, by attending the annual St. Anthony Festival in El Paso. There they perform traditional dances, and members of the tribe interact with visitors.
The Kickapoo live on a reservation southeast of Eagle Pass where they have built a casino. Tourists are strongly discouraged from entering the reservation unescorted but are welcome at the casino. Although the casino has an Eagle Pass address it is technically on Kickapoo national land, and visiting for gaming is the only approved way for non-Natives to enter the reservation. Although there are no hotels associated with the casino, there are hotels in the immediate area.